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Description & Facts

The Maltese lapdog is a true aristocrat in the world of dogs. In short, this breed is also called Maltese. The history of the baby goes deep into the reign of the Roman Empire, when as a precious gift the courtiers were presented with this elegant crumb with a royal posture.

Maltese is one of the oldest breeds of decorative dogs. The earliest mention of “snow white” dates back to the 8th century BC.

Silky animals have been considered a luxury item for many years. And during the Crusades, brave knights returned home not only with victory, but also with snow-white fluffies. They brought them as a gift to their beloved wives and girls.

For the participation of Maltese in the exhibition, an important condition is observed: the wool must be spread out with a wedding veil. That is, the mantle of the ward is purposefully grown.

Features of the breed

A beauty with a luxurious flowing mane is created for love:

  • She needs careful care of herself.
  • A playful disposition requires long walks and a lot of attention.
  • The lady, due to her touchiness, will not tolerate rudeness in training.

An aristocrat is unlikely to fully guard the house, become a watchman or a hound for hunting. This sophisticated person is designed solely to please the eye with her beauty, to give a lot of tender hugs and emotions.

High emotional intelligence and affectionate nature of snow white are able to get rid of the feeling of loneliness, the dog-nurse is a wonderful companion. Therefore, the charm is suitable for older couples, young girls or families with grown children.

Distinctive features

There are 3 approaches to the standards of appearance of nimbles:

Despite some differences in general, the requirements for appearance of all 3 associations are the same.

Outside the standard, there are super-popular mini (baby face) and micro subspecies found in the litters of Europe and America. Their dimensions:

  • 17-20 cm 1.5-2.5 kg with a shortened muzzle, similar to a child’s face (for mini);
  • 14-16 cm and 1.3-1.5 cm (for micro).
Maltese dog


Maltese, Lapdog

The skull of Maltese is wide, slightly flattened from above, the occipital part is flat. The forehead clearly passes into the muzzle at an angle of 90 degrees. The muzzle occupies 1/3 of the face and narrows towards the end.Jaw

Maltese, Lapdog

They close flawlessly to each other, forming a scissor-shaped bite.Ears

Maltese, Lapdog

Hanging ears in the shape of a triangle. Fit snugly against the muzzle. On the outside they are covered with thick hair.Eyes

Maltese, Lapdog

Large, dark and convex like beads. Smart and open look.Body

Maltese, Lapdog

The body is small but elongated. It is covered with white silky wool. The withers are unexpressed, the lower back is smooth and strong. The neck hides under a thick coat. Its length is almost equal to the length of the head. The neck is kept straight, which causes a proud posture.Paws

Maltese, Lapdog

Fluffy rounded paws with black pads and black claws. The legs are dry, with slightly noticeable muscles, but with a strong backbone. Elbows pressed tightly against the body, look straight.Wool

Maltese, Lapdog

Perhaps the main asset of Maltese lapdogs is a luxurious flowing coat. The snow-white hair of the beauty is similar in structure to the human one: straight and without an undercoat. The length of the coat can reach the floor. But despite this, Maltese do not molt and are absolutely hypoallergenic.


Snow White surprisingly combines:

  • aristocratic restraint;
  • playful enthusiasm;
  • absolute fearlessness.

Feeling the fatigue of its owner, the fluffy gently caresses his hands and gives unforgettable moments of tenderness. And fatigue, like a hand, will remove.

And during a walk in the fresh air, restless live animals need to waste all their energy. They are active, mobile and ready to frolic for hours. And their playfulness will not leave anyone indifferent, draws children, parents, and even other four-legged people into the game. By the way, the friendliness of the moss allows you to have other animals at the same time.

Maltese dog

Despite its miniature, it is a fearless dog. Sensing a potential danger, the crumb will immediately stand up for it. A dog cannot cause much physical harm. But the fluffy is able to frighten with his sonorous bark.

The charmer is very sociable. Therefore, it is difficult for her to tolerate loneliness and a long parting with the owner. He starts whining and barking. Therefore, it is advisable to get a four-legged companion to those who constantly have someone at home.

History of the breed

Historical evidence suggests that Maltese has been living side by side with man for thousands of years. There is no consensus on the origin of these cuties. There are two versions about the birth of the Maltese.

The first and most common version says that the charmer was bred on the Greek island of Melita, which at that time was considered the cradle of civilization. Archaeology speaks of the high level of development of the trading city on this island. It is possible that the inhabitants of this city could afford to breed such an exquisite four-legged.

Another scenario suggests that snow white owes their appearance to Ancient Egypt. In the written sources of Egypt at the time of Queen Cleopatra there are references to a dog that looks very similar to Maltese. It is noteworthy that the rock was considered very valuable and its value was equivalent to precious stones.

Maltese dog

The most accurate data on pupsics appear already in the I century AD. Then the first lapdogs appeared in China. Already at that time, Maltese was considered a valuable breed. As traders exchanged them for exotic Chinese silk.

Thanks to the development of trade and diplomatic relations, the charms spread throughout Europe and Asia. Beauties were presented as a gift during diplomatic visits. And therefore this little girl became the favorite of the nobility and reigning persons such as Queen Victoria, Elizabeth II.

For example, in Scotland, one of the first owners of this breed was Mary Stuart. She received a doll dog as a gift from the French. And in the future, the ward accompanied her until her death. On the day of her execution, the same Maltese was found under her skirt.

Maltese dog

The elegance of the fluffies inspired great minds. Aristotle compared Maltese to a cloud floating across the sky. It also found its place on the canvases of such great artists as Titian and Rubens. Henrietta Knip, a famous Belgian artist, painted a portrait of Maltese in the interior.

In Russia, the fluffy paw came as a result of the war with the French. Napoleon’s soldiers were not prepared for the harsh Russian winter. And subsequently they had to retreat, leaving not only utensils, but also pets, among which was a doll dog.

The origin story obliges these cute fluffies to keep their posture proudly to this day. Today, these pups are still very popular among lovers of decorative dogs and continue to touch fans.

Similar breeds

Yorkshire terrier


French lapdog (bolognese)


Russian colored lapdog


Japanese Hin



You can buy spectacular beauties of the show class, grown according to standards for participation in exhibitions. And others here will buy a pet or breed class. It is hypoallergenicity that is for many people a very significant factor when choosing a dog.

How to choose a puppy

Before buying a puppy, it is very important to decide for what purpose you purchase a pet.

If you want to flaunt a spectacular snow white at exhibitions, then you need to pay attention to representatives of the show class. But it should be borne in mind that participation in exhibitions requires maximum compliance with breed characteristics in exterior and character. In males, the breed type is always represented more brightly.

If you decide to devote your time to breeding and raising offspring, then choose a breed class baby. If you need a ball of happiness, meeting after work and playing with children, then a fidget pet class is quite suitable.

A very important point when purchasing a dog is a kennel. Make sure of the professionalism and honesty of breeders.

Maltese lapdog

When choosing a puppy, control the following:

  • absence of purulent discharge from the eyes, ears and nose;
  • stool (without liquid excrement);
  • moderate fatness (without a bloated stomach);
  • the quality of the mantle (loss of the coat in maltese may indicate a disease, because maltese almost do not shed);
  • activity and playfulness.

They also find out the health of the mother and the conditions of keeping the and litter. Find out what mommy and offspring were fed.

Watch the puppy. Watch how he behaves with his brothers and sisters, and how he reacts to strangers. A baby puppy is ideally lackluster, curious, and friendly.

Maltese lapdog

When looking for a purebred dog, do not rush. It is advisable to be attentive and scrupulous. Any conscientious breeder will be sympathetic to the request to show the puppy to the veterinarian before the purchase. Check with the breeder about taking anthelmintics, about vaccinations and a veterinary passport with the records of the clinic. And then you will be more confident in your choice.

The natural issue when buying will be the sex of the pet. Maltese generally do not have strong differences in the characters of boys and girls. Of course, the girl will be more docile and affectionate. And the male responds better to training.

If you liked the mini- and micro-subspecies, then remember that their health is not strong, since dwarfism provokes joint diseases and other genetic ailments. Such babies live 3-5 years, rarely more.


For the first time, estrus appears at 6-12 months. On average, it happens once every six months. Its onset, frequency and duration depend on individual characteristics. But knitting in the first estrus is undesirable. Let the baby grow and form. Mating after the 4th estrus is considered optimal.

Maltese, Lapdog

Puberty in males occurs by the year, but in their case, too, you should wait 2 years. The time of ovulation is determined by the veterinarian. But there are criteria by which an inexperienced owner can find out for himself. Ovulation is preceded by spotting for 10 days, frequent urination, excited, sometimes aggressive behavior.

Maltese, Lapdog

On the day of mating, the is brought to the territory of the male. He feels more confident that way. Lovers should be given time to get used to each other. The first stage of their date is the courtship of the boy. Partners play, sniff each other out until the female allows herself to be covered. After ejaculation, the male leaves the back of his beloved and turns without breaking away from her. And both dogs are in such a hitch for 15-20 minutes.

Maltese, Lapdog

Within 20 days after mating, the female is pregnant. A veterinarian should establish puppyhood by palpation or ultrasound. In the first 4 weeks, the tummy is not very noticeable, toxicosis for this breed is not characteristic. In the second month, the abdomen enlarges, and the nipples enlarge and harden. The female becomes more alert and attentive to her movements.

Maltese, Lapdog

Gestation lasts an average of 58-65 days. A week before giving birth, the behavior of the female changes. She begins to dig, thereby trying to build a “nest”. It is important for owners to prepare in advance the box where the birth will take place. The day before the birth, the dog’s temperature drops to 36 degrees. Therefore, you need to monitor the temperature daily and have an antiseptic, gloves, sterile wipes in your arsenal.

Maltese, Lapdog

If this is the first birth of a female, the owner should be present nearby. Contractions can last up to 12 hours. The waters will recede with the appearance of the first baby. The puppy is born in a transparent shell. The mother licks the newborn to get rid of the blood, the transparent membrane and bites the umbilical cord. After 15 minutes, her attempts resume, and after another half an hour or an hour, the next baby is born.

Maltese, Lapdog

Maintenance and care

Thick and snow-white as a cloud, wool and silkiness not only please the eye of the owner, but also require careful care. Although it practically does not shed, but it is important to comb the lady every day to avoid barbs. A fur coat needs special shampoos and conditioners to preserve whiteness. Also, not everyone likes to grow a mantle, some prefer a haircut from groomers.


When purchasing a puppy, it is necessary to clarify with the breeder what he fed the litter. And at first adhere to such a diet. As a rule, up to 6 months they are fed about 4 times a day.

When choosing food, there are two options: dry food and natural. If you decide to stop at dry food, then give preference to premium class.

If you want to feed with natural products, then the range of dishes is great:boiled meat: beef, chicken, fish, turkey, rabbitfermented milk products: cottage cheese, kefirporridge: buckwheat or riceboiled vegetables, fruits and greens

But watch your pet’s reaction after eating. Individual intolerance or allergies are possible. There may be red stains under the eyes, scabies. And then it is better to find out what he is allergic to and exclude it from the diet.

It is strictly forbidden to:

  • smoked;
  • sweet;
  • fried;
  • leftovers of food from the table.

Conditions of detention and walking

Maltese is suitable for living in an apartment or house, but in no case in an aviary. A movable belly button needs to release energy. Therefore, once a day it is necessary to walk it. The walk should last at least an hour.

And from childhood, perform the entire care complex:

  • Nail trimming (every 14 days)
  • Teeth cleaning (2-3 times a week)
  • Bathing (1 time per week)
  • Haircut once a month
  • Daily combing
  • Ear cleaning every week
  • Wipe their eyes daily with a cotton swab soaked in balm

Training and education

Since Maltese are decorative even-legged, you should be aware that you are not recommending a sniffer for hunting. Training in the case of this paw means building commands for daily communication: “phew”, “lie”, “sit”, “to me”..

The basis for raising your pet should be your trusting relationship. Therefore, from childhood, you should take care, communicate more with your furry.

Maltese lapdog

Training should begin with 3-4 months. And spend it at the same time every day. When training, remember the following rules:

  • No violence or screaming.
  • Train before meals or 3 hours after meals.
  • Be patient and calm.
  • Reward success with affection, food, or praise.
  • Training should be from simple to complex.

But in training, as in everything, you should look for a middle ground. Do not overdo it and do not turn training into exhausting suffering for the dog. Start with 15 minutes of training per day and gradually increase this time. Then training will become a pleasant pastime, will develop obedience in the ward. This favorably affects the psyche and safety of the four-legged.

Health & Disease

In general, the pupae are distinguished by good health, but there are a number of ailments inherent in this breed:

  • chronic heart valve disease;
  • pyloric stenosis of the stomach;
  • cryptorchidism;
  • hypoglycemia;
  • hepatoportosystemic shunt;
  • hydrocephalus;
  • yeast dermatitis;
  • distichiasis;
  • glaucoma;
  • progressive retinal atrophy.

In order to avoid significant costs associated with the treatment of the pet, when buying, you need to carefully ask the breeder about heredity.

Maltese lapdog

For the prevention of diseases, follow these recommendations:

  • Receive all mandatory vaccinations for an early age. This will prevent such dangerous viruses as viral hepatitis, distemper and parvovirus.
  • Regularly take antiparasitic drugs.
  • In spring and summer, after walking, be sure to check the coat for the presence of ticks.
  • Use caution when walking your dog among tall grass. Due to the small growth, the cornea of the eye may be damaged.
  • Forbid the pet to eat from someone else’s hands, unfamiliar or spoiled food can harm the ward.

And, of course, observe the state and mood of the belly button. The following symptoms may indicate the appearance of diseases:

  • excessive thirst;
  • long-term dry hot nose;
  • sudden lethargy of the dog;
  • a lowered tail and a faded gaze;
  • pale mucous membrane of the gums and tongue.

When the above symptoms appear, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to avoid complications and cure the patient in time.


Grace and intelligence of the lapdog continue to conquer the hearts of both celebrities and the first persons of our time. Glamorous furries find a place both at star parties and in the residence of presidents.


The Maltese dog will perfectly fit into the life of a modest elderly couple or into a family with children. Requiring careful care and communication, the baby will give her owner unconditional love and countless tender moments. You will experience the whole gamut of beautiful feelings, from tenderness to pride in your fluffy, deciding one day to bring home a blonde beauty.

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